The aim of this project is to demonstrate Sustainability-Led Design through Building Information Modelling (BIM) for existing non-domestic buildings. 

SuLeD-BIM Project Impacts

  • Sustainability-led design for refurbishment
  • BIM as a matured methodology in refurbishment projects
  • 3rd party BIM objects to include sustainability indicators
  • Engage with prominent organisations and industrial partners in Malaysia to demonstrate research output and discuss future direction [symposium]
  • Engage with researchers in Malaysian-based institution in the areas of sustainability/BIM/design [research conference]

SuLeD-BIM work packages

  • WP1 3D scanning & image processing

    The team: 

    • Dr Eric Lou
    • Dr Kinjiro Amano

    Aim: To establish a multi-dimensional imaging approach by integrating high-resolution spatial and various 2D imagings to obtain robust and accurate estimation of physical properties in natural environment. Outcome is applicable to improve building survey practice on exisiting buildings and to establish complete digital dataset (BIM) for designing of the future cities.

    Methods: Integrating the three-dimensional scanning and the two-dimensional imaging with advanced imaging procesing technique.

    Summary: Three-dimensional laser scanning is essential tool to collect spatial and geometrical information of the buildings and facilities for BIM and its beyond. To achieve efficient identification and classification of materials in the buildings, the 3D point cloud requires external semantic information or context. The spectral information provides more robust and accurate estimates about materials than conventional colour images. Integration of the 3D spatial data to advanced imaging such as a hyperspectral imaging may improve the capability, accuracy, and robustness of the digital imaging. WP1 explored the feasibility of the image integration and examined practical challenges. Further practical usability and efficiency in BIM are to be considered.

    Amano, K. & Lou, E. (2016), "BIM for existing facilities: feasibility of spectral image integration to 3D point cloud data", 4th International Building Control Conference 2016, p.6. (


    The team:

    • Dr Ruth Wood
    • Dr Rodger Edwards
    • Dr Anas Bataw
    • Ms Jennie Godsell
    • Mr Azhar Quaiyoom

    Building Information Modelling (BIM) is used as the enabler for designers and decision makers to better understand and consider sustainability of materials during refurbishment projects and their effects on the energy performance of the building. This can be achieved through:
    1. Utilising Environmental Declarations to find information on embodied energy and carbon (tCO2e) in the materials to be used for the refurbishment.
    2. Customising BIM objects with cost, energy consumption (where appropriate) and embodied energy and CO2e and other environmental data from the environmental declarations.
    3. Linking with Open Source software for energy modelling to calculate the operational energy consumption of a building (kWh).

    Environmental  Declarations  – provide quantified information about the life cycle environmental performance of a product according to the ISO 14025 standard. The information is provided by the manufacturers and independently verified. It can be used to enable purchasers to understand the relative environmental impacts of different  products on a like for like basis. The declaration report information provides information on the environmental impact of a produce during each stage of its life cycle,  such as production, installation, operational (e.g. maintenance when appropriate) and its end of life – depending on how it is likely to be disposed of. The environmental impacts considered include global warming potential (in CO2e); renewable and non renewable energy consumption; water use and waste generated.  


    Bataw, A., Kirkham, R. & Lou, E. (2016), "The Issues and Considerations Associated with BIM Integration", 4th International Building Control Conference 2016 (IBCC 2016), p5. (

  • The team: 

    • Dr Syahrul Nizam Kamaruzzaman
    • Dr Hafez Salleh
    • Dr Nurshuhada Zainon
    • Dr Noor Suzaini Mohamed Zaed
    • Dr Noraini Hamzah
    • Dr Adi Irfan Che Ani
    • Dr Wong Phui Fung
    • Mr Mohd Khairolden Ghani


    To develop a refurbishment assessment scheme for Malaysia.
    There is no single assessment scheme for building refurbishment in Malaysia and hence, this study aims to develop a comprehensive list of assessment themes and sub-themes for building refurbishment purposes. It examines and compares 10 assessment schemes from various countries: BREEAM, LEED, CASBEE, BEAM Plus, GBLS, Green Star, HQE, Green Mark, GBI and MyCrest. The findings revealed fourteen themes that were considered for assessment: management, sustainable site, transport, indoor environmental quality (IEQ), water, waste, material, energy, pollution, innovation, economic, social, culture and quality of services. Energy and IEQ are dominant themes in all assessment schemes. Most of the schemes are considered relatively weak in evaluating economic and social aspects, in comparison to environmental aspects. The assessment of quality of services is overlooked in most of the schemes, including GBI and MyCrest in Malaysia. Outcomes from this paper will form the baseline for a new environmental assessment scheme that aimed at non-domestic building refurbishments in Malaysia. A new model is proposed for the development of an environmental assessment scheme in the further stage.


    • Assess and promote refurbishment practice in Malaysia
    • Improve and enhance sustainability of existing non-domestic buildings.


    Kamaruzzaman, S.N., Lou, E.C.W., Zainon, N., Zaid, N.S.M., Wong, P.F. (2016), "Environmental assessment schemes for non-domestic building refurbishment in the Malaysian context", Ecological Indicators, 69, 548-558. (

    Kamaruzzaman, S.N., Salleh, H., Lou, E., Edwards, R. & Wong, P. F. (2016), "Assessment Schemes for Sustainability Design through BIM: Lessons Learnt", 4th International Building Control Conference 2016 (IBCC 2016), p.8.  (

  • Dr Eric Lou (Principle Investigator, UK)

    Dr Syahrul Nizam (Principle Investigator, Malaysia)

    • Dr Rodger Edwards (Co-PI, UoM)
    • Dr Ruth Wood (Academic, UoM)
    • Dr Anas Bataw (PDRA, UoM)
    • Dr Kinjiro Amano (PDRA, UoM)
    • Ms Jennie Godsell (External partner)
    • Mr Ken Bagshaw (External partner)
    • Mr Azhar Quaiyoom (External partner)


    Kamaruzzaman, S.N., Lou, E.C.W., Zainon, N., Zaid, N.S.M., Wong, P.F. (2016), "Environmental assessment schemes for non-domestic building refurbishment in the Malaysian context", Ecological Indicators, 69, 548-558. (
    Dr Amano wins the Research Excellence Award at the 4th International Building Control Conference (Link)
    Sustainability-led design through BIM for existing non-domestic buildings - Pg4 (Link)

    Refurbishment Assessment Schemes for Non-Domestic Buildings in Malaysia (Link)

    Sustainability Led Design through Building Information Modelling: Transferring UK Experiences (Link)

    Press release April 2016 (Link)

    Press release March 2016 (Link)

    Press release January 2016 (Link)

    Press release July 2015 (Link)


    University of Manchester
    Universiti Malaya Kuala Lumpur


    Sponsored by 


    British Council
    Institutional Links
    Newton-Ungku Omar

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