Manufacture, deployment and operation of wind turbines is now a major industry sector. More than 6 GW of wind turbines are now installed in the UK and these generate more than 4% of UK electricity demand.
Sites have now been identified for more than 28 GW of additional capacity so that wind turbines will generate more than 20% of present demand. Improvements in turbine design and support structure design are crucial to maintain cost-effective deployments, particularly in deep water.
Research within this specialism looks at:
- the use of composite materials for turbine blades.
- structures for deep-water deployment.
- loading due to upstream wakes and the influence of atmospheric turbulence on unsteady loads and turbine performance.
- the magnitude of breaking wave loads on supporting structures.